Melasma is a skin common condition characterized by brown or blue-gray patches or freckle-like spots and usually affects adults. Melasma happens because of the overproduction of the cells that make the color of your skin which is harmless.
Melasma is typically characterised by darker patches of skin that appear to be brown or greyish, and are commonly present on the cheeks, chin, nose, and forehead. The presence of melasma is not just confined to the skin on the face, although this is largely more affected due to increased exposure to the sun compared to other areas of the body.
Melasma is distinguishable against other skin conditions like moles and lesions because it is flat and darker in appearance than the surrounding skin. It has also been lovingly dubbed the ‘pregnancy mask’. This is because women are more affected by this condition, and particularly during pregnancy. It is thought that up to 50% of women may notice the presence of melasma during pregnancy.
This does not mean that men are exempt from developing melasma, it is just that it is more frequent in women, and in people with darker skin tones or those that tan quickly.
Both stress and thyroid disease can act to accelerate the enhanced production of the cells in our body that are responsible for controlling our skin’s pigment when exposed to the sun.
Aside from the affected area being discolored, there are no other significant symptoms of melasma like dryness, scaling, or itchiness. It is not contagious and neither is it hereditary, however, the chances of developing melasma are increased with those who have a family history of melasma being present. Melasma does not develop to become malignant.
At Paradise Aesthetic Clinic we have a range of treatments available to aid in restoring the complexion of the skin. These range from chemical peels to medical-grade skincare as well as lifestyle advice to ensure you are able to minimise the likelihood of developing melasma.