Sun damage usually leads to sunburn or a sun tan after a period of prolonged sun exposure.
Sunburn is usually a first degree burn with damage to the epidermis, while second degree burns affect the deeper layers of the skin and may lead to blistering. Sun damage doesn’t have to present as sunburn or the peeling skin, It also refers to the unseen changes in your skin cells, caused by ultraviolet radiation from the sun. These UVA and UVB rays can penetrate your skin every time you spend time in the sun – even if it’s cloudy. Although most people like the warmth and light of the sun, too much exposure can significantly damage human skin, drying out areas of unprotected skin and depleting the skin’s supply of natural lubricating oils. In addition, the sun’s ultraviolet (UV) radiation can cause burning and long-term changes in the skin’s structure.
Sun damage is the number 1 catalyst that can accelerate the skin’s normal ageing process. When sun damage gets more severe it can result in other symptoms, which look like the normal ageing process.
The most common types of sun damage include: dry skin, sunburn and actinic keratosis. Dry skin can lead to itching and flaking. The skin can appear more wrinkled than on other parts of the body, with premature ageing giving the impression that someone is older than they actually are.
Mild sunburn causes redness and sensitivity. In most cases there are clear boundary lines where the skin has been protected by certain clothing. In more severe cases, painful blisters can develop, along with nausea and dizziness. Actinic keratosis appears as a small bump on the skin, that has a sand-paper like texture. It can vary in colour – yellow, pink, red or brown – and may be itchy or sore.
Long term changes to the skin can affect the production of collagen, which in turn creates deeper wrinkles, increased chance of age-spots, thickened skin texture and easy bruising – especially on the backs of hands and the forearms.
Applying an appropriate SPF on a daily basis is the best way to prevent sun damaged skin. However, at Paradise Aesthetic Clinic we have a variety of solutions to treat the common symptoms of sun damage, including: Microneedling, injectable moisturisers, IPL, laser resurfacing and chemical peeling.